I was reading Revelations and was shocked to find the following quote in it:
"I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star."
I looked up "Morning Star" and found that the Latin name for it is "Lucifer".
Lucifer is mentioned in Isaiah in a very negative light. It calls the king of Babylon Lucifer and says this about him in Chapter 14:12-20 (New International Version):
12 How you have fallen from heaven,
O morning star, son of the dawn!
You have been cast down to the earth,
you who once laid low the nations!
13 You said in your heart,
"I will ascend to heaven;
I will raise my throne
above the stars of God;
I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly,
on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. [c]
14 I will ascend above the tops of the clouds;
I will make myself like the Most High."
15 But you are brought down to the grave,
to the depths of the pit.
16 Those who see you stare at you,
they ponder your fate:
"Is this the man who shook the earth
and made kingdoms tremble,
17 the man who made the world a desert,
who overthrew its cities
and would not let his captives go home?"
18 All the kings of the nations lie in state,
each in his own tomb.
19 But you are cast out of your tomb
like a rejected branch;
you are covered with the slain,
with those pierced by the sword,
those who descend to the stones of the pit.
Like a corpse trampled underfoot,
20 you will not join them in burial,
for you have destroyed your land
and killed your people.
The offspring of the wicked
will never be mentioned again.
However the Christians who wrote the New Testament used the term Lucifer in a positive way to refer to Jesus:
2 Peter 1:19 NIV
And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.
On the other hand Wikipedia says at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucifer:
"In the Vulgate, Jerome translated "הילל בן־שׁחר" (morning star, son of dawn) as "lucifer qui mane oriebaris" (morning star that used to rise early). Already, as early as the Christian writers Tertullian and Origen, the whole passage had come to be applied to Satan. Satan began to be referred to as "Lucifer" (Morning Star), and finally the word "Lucifer" was treated as a proper name. The use of the word "Lucifer" in the 1611 King James Version instead of a word such as "Daystar" ensured its continued popularity among English speakers."
The Vulgate is early fifth century, Origen was born 185 AD, Tertullian was born 160 AD. but even before that Lucifer was associated with Satan, as quoted from Wikipedia again http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucifer:
"The Jewish Encyclopedia states that the Lucifer myth was transferred to Satan already in the pre-Christian century, citing in support of this view the Life of Adam and Eve and the Slavonic Book of Enoch (29:4 and 31:4), where Satan-Sataniel (sometimes identified with Samael) is described as having been one of the archangels. Because he contrived "to make his throne higher than the clouds over the earth and resemble 'My power' on high", Satan-Sataniel was hurled down, with his hosts of angels, and since then he has been flying in the air continually above the abyss."
This is interesting because it is clear that Jesus and the early Christians knew about the Book of Enoch and its contents, which were written 300 BC to 1st Century BC. That's where the whole idea of heaven and hell and the fallen angels originated, so you'd think they'd know that the morning star was associated with Satan. On the other hand if you ignore that book and the theology that goes with it and go with the original idea of what Satan was, that he was sent by God to test people, and to accuse them, then it makes sense that he is the one to decide who is good and who is bad in the final judgement. As far as I know no theology has this point of view, but it is interesting to consider!
As for me, I consider Revelations to be without truth- something made up to get people to be martyrs.
As an interesting side note, the Book of Enoch mentions 7 stars that have did not follow the instructions God gave them. It says in Chapter 18: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/boe/boe021.htm
12. And beyond that abyss I saw a place which had no firmament of the heaven above, and no firmly founded earth beneath it: there was no water upon it, and no birds, but it was a waste and horrible place. 13. I saw there seven stars like great burning mountains, and to me, when I inquired regarding them, 14. The angel said: 'This place is the end of heaven and earth: this has become a prison for the stars and the host of heaven. 15. And the stars which roll over the fire are they which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord in the beginning of their rising, because they did not come forth at their appointed times. 16. And He was wroth with them, and bound them till the time when their guilt should be consummated (even) ⌈for ten thousand years⌉.'
Contrast that with what it says about the seven churches that Jesus admonishes in Revelations:
Revelation 1:12-17 (New International Version)
I turned around to see the voice that was speaking to me. And when I turned I saw seven golden lampstands, and among the lampstands was someone "like a son of man,dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with a golden sash around his chest. His head and hair were white like wool as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters.
In his right hand he held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a sharp double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.
The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.
Seeing as JewishEncyclopedia http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=248&letter=R&search=pauline says that Revelations is very Jewish in nature AND very anti-Paul, and because the churches he is addressing here are Pauline churches- it is interesting to speculate that maybe Revelations was saying that these churches had strayed from the path they were supposed to go and were therefore in danger of going to hell?